Lithium is it the answer?

There is a huge surge towards the use of lithium in batteries. The question is when the battery is finished what to do with it? At County Battery Services we sell Lithium batteries of all types and of course have the facilities to collect the old battery products and send them to the recyclers

Lithium is a very volatile metal do you remember the teacher at school demonstrating Lithium? Our teacher got a pair of tongues and pulled out a piece out of  lithium oil  dropped it into some water it reacted with the water then caught fire. Noxious substances were produced when adding it to water.It burns at up to 700 degrees C.

So bearing in mind how volatile this element is there are quite significant issues in the storage and transportation of lithium batteries both new and used. The British Post Office will not knowingly carry even a small lithium button cell. Another issue to bear in mind there are probably 50 different types of lithium based battery a lot of these with different routes to recycling and as most of the recycling is carried our abroad and more and more shipping lines are refusing to carry these products. The disposal of waste is becoming a greater and more expensive issue.

Now most people nowadays own a mobile phone normally powered by a lithium battery, is that a bomb in your pocket? Supermarkets have boxes in their windows to collect waste batteries I wonder how long it might be before one of them goes up in flames?

Is lithium the answer I am sure it probably is but we need to go through lots of learning before I will be sure!

5 x 3.6v 8500mah Lithium Thionyl Chloride ER26500 C cell batteryLithium-Thionyl Chloride 

Alessandro Volta’s Born 18th February 1745. Inventor of the battery

In 1786 the whilst biologist Luigi Galvani was dissecting a frog. Each time his scalpel came into contact with the frogs leg it twitched. Galvani believed he had discovered a new kind of electricity and called it animal electricity.

Galvani’s friend Alessandro Volta disagreed he believed that the electricity was generated when two dissimilar metals were immersed in a liquid.Volta found in his experiments the most effective pair of dissimilar metals to produce electricity were zinc and silver.

He experimented with individual cells in series, each cell being a wine glass filled with brine into which the two electrodes were dipped. The voltaic pile replaced the goblets with cardboard soaked in brine.

In a letter dated March 20, 1800, addressed to Joseph Banks, who was the President of the Royal Society of London, Volta first reported the electric pile, allegedly the first electric battery,

Borbrav, svg version by Luigi ChiesaImage:Voltaic pile.png

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Ambitious Futures – meeting the needs of the local business community

Monday 13 March 2017

6.00 pm – 7.30 pm

The Brunt’s Academy, The Park, Park Avenue,

Mansfield, Notts, NG18 2AT

The Evolve Trust is a Multi Academy Trust based in Mansfield there are  three academies in the Trust – Brunts (secondary), Beech (special) and Bramble (primary).  The Trust is passionate about creating opportunities for all  students to believe in themselves, achieve their potential and develop the skills needed to succeed and enjoy life.  The Trust have positive working relationship with the business community who support many fantastic careers and employability programmes which have a real impact on the life chances of our students.Image result for brunts school

I would like to invite you to a networking event, the purpose of which is to consult with the business community on employer engagement strategy:


–  How can the Trust work more closely together for mutual benefits?

–  Can the Trust  help you recruit your future workforce?

–  What support can be given to help with the development of your workforce?

–  Do you have projects that talented 6th formers could do for you, for example –

research, IT, social media, marketing, analysis of data.

–  How do we communicate  more effectively and listen to your concerns about education?


The desired outcome of this consultation is that the Evolve Trust will have a business led employer engagement strategy that impacts on the local economy and the life chances of young people across Mansfield & Ashfield.


Food will be provided – Buffet, Tea/Coffee


Cost: Free of Charge


Please book your place here.


It is essential to book your place on Eventbrite. Whilst we will always try and accommodate you, these meetings are very popular and if you do not reserve a place we do not want to disappoint you.


If you require any further information, please contact Richard Fuller by email.


We look forward to welcoming you.


100 Amp Fuller Leisure Battery

What are battery Ampere Hours?

Ampere hour or Ah is the amount of energy a battery can supply.

A typical leisure battery for the caravan market in the UK would be 110 ah at the 20 hour rate This means that the battery will supply 110 amps at a usable voltage over 20 hours (In this case we take a usable voltage to mean at load above 10.5 volts). To understand this further take 110 and divide by 20 the battery should be able to provide 5.5 amps continuously for 20 hours.

If you take a battery and the Ah value is measured over a different time period then the value will change because a 110 ah battery over 10 hours should be able to provide 11 amps continuously over 10 hours. It is very important that the hours rate is used when sizing any battery for this type of application.

The performance of a lead acid battery will decrease the faster the power is drawn from it.In a business like County Battery Services one of the most common mistakes people believe is that the 110 ah battery will deliver 110 amps for 1 hour this is NOT the case unless the battery is specified 100 ah at 1 hour rate

Beware some manufactures misquote their Ah capacity or do not give an hourly rating with it.A good indication of the battery quality is the weight. The main component part and the most expensive is the lead if you can remove some of the lead you save money.



Distilled or Deionised Water

Distilled Water is water that has many of its impurities removed by distillation. Deionised Water is water that has been filtered chemically to purify the water.

Distilled water tends to be more expensive than Deionised but much purer, Distilled water tends to be used by laboratories and in food processes deionised normally in machines that heat water to stop build up of chemical residues.

At County Battery Services Ltd deionised water is supplied in large quantities for topping up of batteries for fork lift trucks in general. It is also used in a number of manufacturing processes.

25 Ltr Distilled/De-ionised Water

To distill  heat it to steam (so it vaporises) then cool the steam so that it condenses and collect the liquid. Because the water will vaporise before any of the impurities it effectively removes to impurities from the water. To make really pure water this process can be repeated.

For more information please call 0044 1623 757377

BMW i3 What I like most!

I think I will tell you the thing I least first! The first is  the looks! The i3 is not the best looking car on the road in fact I think it looks a little like some small Korean run around, but perhaps it will start a change in car design.

As the car is built using large swathes of carbon fibre the car does not need door pillars hence the back doors open the opposite way to conventional ones which does give a lot more space for getting into the back but I worry about my passengers shutting them the wrong way around and damaging something. As there is no door pillar the seat belt are connected to the door so if someone wants to get out of the back the seat belt has to be unfastened.

The car is a 3 platform and is deceptively spacious,. The boot is very small and this would cause some problems if you had the vehicle with four adults that all had large suitcases.

img_2368The instruments are all very clear and of good quality the information provided is good with useful information like if there is enough charge in the battery to reach the destination (assuming you have used the satnav). The look of the inside is very pleasant  modern and comfortable. There is a great heating system which appears to work very well and has been perfect in the freezing weather in January (when this was written)

There are no gears and it is I suppose it is not classed as an automatic as there is no gears to change only forward and backwards. This is  mounted on the steering column at about 2 o’clock in the picture. The central column has therefore no gearstick. ThIMG_2370.JPGere is a circular dial which works as a mouse. The other is the travel mode three different types Comfort Economy and Economy plus. The use of these gives different mileage options which are displayed on the dash board in front of the wheel.

Whilst running in economy plus mode the milage is at the optimum the speed is restricted to 56 miles per hour and the heating does not work at full the car does not seem so lively.

Driving the car is brilliant it covers 0-60 in 7 seconds and you dont need to be the Stig to get that kind of performance just have a heavy foot! The steering and handling are very positive. It is possible to turn off the traction control but if you do the car will still not allow itself to drift, so with all the speed and handling perhaps not one for boy racers

The car can be controlled from an app there are a number of remote functions, setting the time that the vehicle charges ( to get the most from Economy 7) The app will also show the state of charge of the battery and the distance in Comfort Mode available. There is a tracking system so the car can be found should if have been parked and that place be forgotten. The app will integrate with the diary allowing meeting and address’ to be planned so that the meeting will be added to the satnav.

The battery performs better at the correct temperature the best thing on this car is within the app there is a setting to allow you to warm or cool the battery and the car before you leave for a journey. I live about five miles away from our offices . When it was frosty in the mornimg_2372ing it used to take me about five minutes to defrost the car with a scraper and the car was just about warm when I got to Kirkby in Ashfield. That is not the case now I get into the car and it is warmed up to the temperature that is specified as it is warmed there is no ice on the vehicle there is no condensation on the windows and when I get in it is as warm as toast.

If you are interested in the other blogs on the car please follow the links

Don’t Get Stuck In The Cold

We in the automotive battery industry have noticed quite a decline in sales compared with previous years. This has been mainly due to the warm weather we have experienced over the past few months.

Lead acid batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy and heat is the catalyst. If you increase the temperature of the lead acid battery it will accept and store more power but the longevity will decrease. If you cool a battery it will store less power  and the longevity will increase.

Why do batteries fail in winter? Partly to do with the information above so when the battery is cold it delivers less power this added to the fact it is more difficult to turn a cold engine because the cold temperature thickens the oil.

We are finding that most of the batteries we are taking into our depots at County Battery Services have not failed because of dead cells or weakness in their manufacture but they fail because they are worn out.

As a battery is used the active material is shed from the positive plate lowering the cold start performance. Whilst the weather is is warm less strain is on the battery which may be so tired it will not start in the cold. so as soon as there is a drop in temperature cars fail to start without giving a warning

If you don’t want to get caught flat in the cold have your battery checked every year. Lots of companies provide this service for free.


Image courtesy of Witthaya Phonsawat at